The Northern Way

Grimm's Teutonic Mythology

Chap. 12 Sup.

CHAPTER XII. - OTHER GODS.

p. 234. ) Heimðallr is expl. by Leo, vorl. 131, as heim-dolde, world-tree. If d instead of ð were correct, it might contain the AS. deal, dealles (note to Andr. 126). Heimðall við kunnari enn vörðr með goðum, Sæm. 85a, the sverd-âs in Himinbiörg, reminds of the angel guarding Paradise with a sword, El. 755, &c. His blowing a horn when Surtr approaches recalls "the last trump" (þut-haurn, Ulph. ), 1 Cor. 15, 52. ---- A Himiles-berc in Mone's Anz. 6, 228; a Heofen-feld in Northumb., Lye sub v. ----- Heimðallr is called Vindler, Sn. 105, Vindlere in Resen. ---- Of Finnish gods, Ahti or Lemminkäinen has the sharpest ears, Kalev. 17, 7 (Anshelm 3, 64 speaks of hearing the grass grow). ------ H. is son of Oðinn by 9 mothers, Sn. 211a. Laxd. saga p. 392; does it mean his father had 9 wives? The Romans called their Liber bi-mater; conf. the name Quatremère.

p. 234. ) Rîgr is stîgandi, gângandi, Sæm. 100a. 105a. In Yngl. p. 20 he is the first Danish king; his son Danpr has a daughter Drôtt, the mother of Dyggvi, and a son Dagr. Sæm. 106b names 'Danr ok Danpr' together; conf. F. Magn. lex. p. 670.

p. 235. ) Bragi is beckskrautuðr, scamnorum decus, Sæm. 61b; brother of Dagr and Sigrûn 164; pl. bragnar dat. brögnum, simply viri 152a.

p. 236. ) A Burnacker in Förstem. 2, 4; brunnacker in H. Meyer's Zürch. ortsn. 523. Weisth. 1, 119; hence prob. the man's name Brünacker in Konr. v. Weinsb. 3, 4.

p. 237. ) The eager on the Trent, Carlyle's Hero-Worship. AS. eagor; in Bailey's Dict. eager = flood-tide. The Finnish sea-god, with beard of grass, sitting on a water lily, is Ahto, Ahti, gen. Ahin, Kalev. 22, 301. 29, 13. 15; conf. my Kl. schr. 3, 122.

p. 238. ) Like Oegi's helm is the Exhelmer stein on a hill in the Kellergebirge, Hess. Ztschr. 1, 245. On Grîmr ægir, see p. 1017. In the helmet 'lît ein hiltegrîn,' Dietr. drachenk. 11; galeae minaci, Claudian in Prob. et Olybr. 92; terribilem galeam, Virg. Aen. 8, 620.

p. 238. ) Oegir is a iötunn, Hým. 3; a bergbûi 2. The ON. ôgn, f., = terror and ocean; ôgnar liomi = gold, Sæm. 152a; ôgorlig Oegisdottor153a; ölsmiðr = Oegir, Egills. 618. What means Oegis-heimr, Sæm. 124-5? Egisleiba, Agistadium, Hpt's Ztschr. 8, 588; Agasûl on L. Zurich 2, 536, formed like Agadora (Eider, p. 239?) oegisandr, sea-sand, Barl. 26, 20.

p. 240. ) Hlês dættr â vîð blêsu. her er sjor kallaðr Hlêr, þvî at hann hlýr allra minnz, Sn. 332; hlýr = egelidus, tepidus, OHG. lâo, lâwer, Graff 2, 294; Ir. lir, Conan 33-4-9. 93. 192-3. Diarmid 87. 112-4-6; also lear, Learthonn, T. 7.

p. 242. ) As Logi, the 'villi-eldr,' Sn. 60, is son to giant Forniotr, so is Loki a son of giant Farbauti. The eating-match betw. Loki and Logi is like that of Herakles and Lepreus, Athenæ. p. 412. Paus. 5, 5. Prometheus is chained to the rock by Hephæstus, Loki by Logi. ----- Loki, 'sâ er flestu illu raeðr,' is hateful to the gods: er öll regin œgja, Thorl. sp. 6, 38; sâ inn laevîsi Loki, Sæm. 67b; in folksongs 'Loke leve,' Wieselgr. 384-5, in Danish 'Loke lejemand,' conf. the name Liuuiso, Liuiso, Trad. fuld. 2, 32-43; in Norweg. 'hin onde,' Hallager, as Oden is in 1. 828; for Lokkens havre we have 'den ondes hafre, Dybeck runa 1847, 30-1. ---- There is a saying: 'leingi geingr Loki ok Thôrr (= lightning and thunder), lêttir ei hrîðum,' the storm lasts. ----- Rask thinks the name akin to Finn. lokki, wolf; some may think it an abbrev. of Lucifer! Uhland takes Loki to be the locker-up, concluder of all things, as Heimdall is originator. To Logi conf. Hâlogi for Hölgi, Sn. 128. 154. F. Magn. lex. p. 981.

p. 243. ) 'Ik bede di grindel an deser helle,' Upstandinge 553, seems almost to mean a personal devil.

p. 243n. ) It is true, another race of rulers beside the Ases is imagined, one of whom, Gylfi king of Sweden, sets out as gangleri (pilgrim) to spy out the Ases (Sn. 1. 2. 2, &c. ), but is cheated by them. But this is an imitation of Eddic lays, which make Oðinn as gangleri and gangrâðr travel to the giants, and talk with them. Sæm. 31-2; conf. Aegir'' journey to Asgard, and his dialogue with Bragi, Sn. 79, &c.

p. 245. ) In Sæm. 37a Fenrir pursues Alf-röðull, which must mean the moon, the 'sun of the elves'; conf. 'festr mun slitna enn Frecki renna,' Sæm. 7-8. 'man ôbundinn Fenris-ûlfr fara,' Hakonarm. 23. 'Loki lîðr or böndum,' Sæm. 96a (conf. iötunn losnar 8a; is this Loki or Surtr? Loki is lægiarnlîki âþeckr, monstro similis 7a). ----- Loki is caught by Þiazi, Sn. 81, and expressively chained 70 (conf. Sæm. 7a); so is Fenrir 33-4-5; conf. the chained giant (Suppl. to 544), chained devil (p. 1011), chained Kronos (p. 832n.). ----- Loki's daughter Hel esp. makes it likely that he too was common to all Teut. nations.

p. 247. ) AS. sâtor-lâðe, panicum crusgalli, is a grass like the agrwstij sown by Kronos (Suppl. to 1192). One is reminded of Saturni dolium by 'Lucifer sedens in dolio,' Upstandinge p. 41, and 'des tiuvels vaz,' Hpt's Ztschr. 7, 327. What means the ON. scâturnir, Sn. 222b?

p. 248-9. ) Delius pp. 41. 50 cites krodenduvel, kroden-heuker, kroden-kind; is the first out of Botho? In a Hildesheim MS. of the 16th cent., Frosch-meus, we read: 'pravi spiritus, id est, de kroden duvels' in contrast with the good holdes. In Hh. VIIIa: 'misshapen as they paint the kroden teuffel.' ---- Jornandes de regn. succ. p.m. 2 has the pedigree 'Saturnus, Picus, Faunus, Latinus'; conf. p. 673 and GDS. 120.

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