The Northern Way

Song and Legend From the Middle Ages

SONG AND LEGEND FROM THE MIDDLE AGES

selected and arranged

By WILLIAM D. McCLINTOCK

Assistant Professor of English Literature, University of Chicago

and

PORTER LANDER McCLINTOCK

FLOOD AND VINCENT

The Chautauqua Century Press

MEADVILLE PENNA

150 FIFTH AVE. NEW YORK

1893

*****DISCLAIMER: THIS IS FOR PERSONAL AND/OR HISTORICAL RESEARCH PURPOSES ONLY.******

Contents

Chapter 1. French Literature

Chapter 2. Spanish Literature

Chapter 3. Scandinavian Literature

Chapter 4. German Literature

Chapter 5. Italian Literature

PREFACE

The aim of this little book is to give general readers some idea of the subject and spirit of European Continental literature in the later and culminating period of the Middle Ages----the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth centuries.

It goes without saying that translations and selections are, in general, inadequate to the satisfactory representation of any literature. No piece of writing, of course, especially no piece of poetry, can be perfectly rendered into another tongue; no piece of writing can be fairly represented by detached portions. But to the general English reder Continental Mediæval literature, so long as it remains in the original tongues, is inaccessible; and translations of many entire works are nor within easy reach.

What translation and selection can do in this case, is to put into the hands of the ordinary student of the Middle Ages sufficient material for forming an estimate of the subjects that interested the mediæval mind and the spirit in which they were treated. And this is what the general reader desires. Matters of form and expression---the points that translation cannot reproduce---belong, of course, to the specialist.

The claim that so slender a volume of selections can represent even the subject and spirit of so vast a body of literature, is saved from being unreasonable or presumptuous by a consideration of the fact that, from causes easy to trace, the national literatures of Continental Europe had many common characteristics: the range of subjects was not unlimited; the spirit is the same in all.

No English is included for two reasons: Mediæval English literature is easily accessible to those readers for whom this book is prepared; during the special period in which the best mediæval literature was developed, England was comparatively unproductive.

The constant aim has been to put before the reader the literature itself, with comment barely sufficient to make an intelligible setting for the selections. Criticism of all kinds has been avoided, so that the reader may come to his material with judgment entirely unbiased.

The translations used have been selected largely with a view to their accessibility, so that readers who desire to enlarge the scope of their reading may easily find the books they need. Caxton's Reynard the Fox, and The Romance of the Rose, attributed to Chaucer, were chosen because they convey an impression of the quaint flavor of the original, which is lost in a modern version. The slight adaptations and transliterations made in these two selections are entirely defensible on the score of intelligibility.

Our acknowledgements are due to Prof. William I. Knapp, of the University of Chicago, for the use of books from his valuable library, and for the permission, most highly prized, to print for the first time some of his translations of the Cid ballads.

THE EDITORS.

Chicago, April, 1893.

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