THE ORIGIN AND DEEDS OF THE GOTHS
(176) And what more? Valia (to repeat
what we have said) had but little success against the Gauls, but when
he died the more fortunate and prosperous Theodorid succeeded to the throne.
He was a man of the greatest moderation and notable for vigor of mind
and body. In the consulship of Theodosius and Festus the Romans broke
the truce and took up arms against him in Gaul, with the Huns as their
auxiliaries. For a band of the Gallic Allies, led by Count Gaina, had
aroused the Romans by throwing Constantinople into a panic. Now at that
time the Patrician Aëtius was in command of the army. He was of the
bravest Moesian stock, born of his father Gaudentius in the city of Durostorum.
He was a man fitted to endure the toils of war, born expressly to serve
the Roman state; and by inflicting crushing defeats he had compelled the
proud Suavi and barbarous Franks to submit to Roman sway. (177) So then,
with the Huns as allies under their leader Litorius, the Roman army moved
in array against the Goths. When the battle lines of both sides had been
standing for a long time opposite each other, both being brave and neither
side the weaker, they struck a truce and returned to their ancient alliance.
And after the treaty had been confirmed by both and an honest peace was
established, they both withdrew.
(178) During this peace Attila was lord over all the Huns and almost the sole earthly ruler of all the tribes of Scythia; a man marvellous for his glorious fame among all nations. The historian Priscus, who was sent to him on an embassy by the younger Theodosius, says this among other things: "Crossing mighty rivers--namely, the Tisia and Tibisia and Dricca--we came to the place where long ago Vidigoia, bravest of the Goths, perished by the guile of the Sarmatians. At no great distance from that place we arrived at the village where King Attila was dwelling,--a village, I say, like a great city, in which we found wooden walls made of smooth-shining boards, whose joints so counterfeited solidity that the union of the boards could scarcely be distinguished by close scrutiny. (179) There you might see dining halls of large extent and porticoes planned with great beauty, while the courtyard was bounded by so vast a circuit that its very size showed it was the royal palace." This was the abode of Attila, the king of all the barbarian world; and he preferred this as a dwelling to the cities he captured.
(180) Now this Attila was the son
of Mundiuch, and his brothers were Octar and Ruas who are said to have
ruled before Attila, though not over quite so many tribes as he. After
their death he succeeded to the throne of the Huns, together with his
brother Bleda. In order that he might first be equal to the expedition
he was preparing, he sought to increase his strength by murder. Thus he
proceeded from the destruction of his own kindred to the menace of all
others. (181) But though he increased his power by this shameful means,
yet by the balance of justice he received the hideous consequences of
his own cruelty. Now when his brother Bleda, who ruled over a great part
of the Huns, had been slain by his treachery, Attila united all the people
under his own rule. Gathering also a host of the other tribes which he
then held under his sway, he sought to subdue the foremost nations of
the world--the Romans and the Visigoths. (182) His army is said to have
numbered five hundred thousand men. He was a man born into the world to
shake the nations, the scourge of all lands, who in some way terrified
all mankind by the dreadful rumors noised abroad concerning him. He was
haughty in his walk, rolling his eyes hither and thither, so that the
power of his proud spirit appeared in the movement of his body. He was
indeed a lover of war, yet restrained in action, mighty in counsel, gracious
to suppliants and lenient to those who were once received into his protection.
He was short of stature, with a broad chest and a large head; his eyes
were small, his beard thin and sprinkled with gray; and he had a flat
nose and a swarthy complexion, showing the evidences of his origin. (183)
And though his temper was such that he always had great self-confidence,
yet his assurance was increased by finding the sword of Mars, always esteemed
sacred among the kings of the Scythians. The historian Priscus says it
was discovered under the following circumstances: "When a certain shepherd
beheld one heifer of his flock limping and could find no cause for this
wound, he anxiously followed the trail of blood and at length came to
a sword it had unwittingly trampled while nibbling the grass. He dug it
up and took it straight to Attila. He rejoiced at this gift and, being
ambitious, thought he had been appointed ruler of the whole world, and
that through the sword of Mars supremacy in all wars was assured to him."
(184) Now when Gaiseric, king of the Vandals, whom we mentioned shortly before, learned that his mind was bent on the devastation of the world, he incited Attila by many gifts to make war on the Visigoths, for he was afraid that Theodorid, king of the Visigoths, would avenge the injury done to his daughter. She had been joined in wedlock with Huneric, the son of Gaiseric, and at first was happy in this union. But afterwards he was cruel even to his own children, and because of the mere suspicion that she was attempting to poison him, he cut off her nose and mutilated her ears. He sent her back to her father in Gaul thus despoiled of her natural charms. So the wretched girl presented a pitiable aspect ever after, and the cruelty which would stir even strangers still more surely incited her father to vengeance. (185) Attila, therefore, in his efforts to bring about the wars long ago instigated by the bribe of Gaiseric, sent ambassadors into Italy to the Emperor Valentinian to sow strife between the Goths and the Romans, thinking to shatter by civil discord those whom he could not crush in battle. He declared that he was in no way violating his friendly relations with the Empire, but that he had a quarrel with Theodorid, king of the Visigoths. As he wished to be kindly received, he filled the rest of the letter with the usual flattering salutations, striving to win credence for his falsehood. (186) In like manner he despatched a message to Theodorid, king of the Visigoths, urging him to break his alliance with the Romans and reminding him of the battles to which they had recently provoked him. Beneath his great ferocity he was a subtle man, and fought with craft before he made war.