THE ORIGIN AND DEEDS OF THE GOTHS
When he too had departed from human
affairs, Coryllus ascended the throne as king of the Goths and for forty
years ruled his people in Dacia. I mean ancient Dacia, which the race
of the Gepidae now possess. (74) This country lies across the Danube within
sight of Moesia, and is surrounded by a crown of mountains. It has only
two ways of access, one by way of the Boutae and the other by the Tapae.
This Gothia, which our ancestors called Dacia and now, as I have said,
is called Gepidia, was then bounded on the east by the Roxolani, on the
west by the Iazyges, on the north by the Sarmatians and Basternae and
on the south by the river Danube. The Iazyges are separated from the Roxolani
by the Aluta river only.
(75) And since mention has been made of the Danube, I think it not out of place to make brief notice of so excellent a stream. Rising in the fields of the Alamanni, it receives sixty streams which flow into it here and there in the twelve hundred miles from its source to its mouths in the Pontus, resembling a spine inwoven with ribs like a basket. It is indeed a most vast river. In the language of the Bessi it is called the Hister, and it has profound waters in its channel to a depth of quite two hundred feet. This stream surpasses in size all other rivers, except the Nile. Let this much suffice for the Danube. But let us now with the Lord's help return to the subject from which we have digressed.
(76) Now after a long time, in the
reign of the Emperor Domitian, the Goths, through fear of his avarice,
broke the truce they had long observed under other emperors. They laid
waste the bank of the Danube, so long held by the Roman Empire, and slew
the soldiers and their generals. Oppius Sabinus was then in command of
that province, succeeding Agrippa, while Dorpaneus held command over the
Goths. Thereupon the Goths made war and conquered the Romans, cut off
the head of Oppius Sabinus, and invaded and boldly plundered many castles
and cities belonging to the Emperor. (77) In this plight of his countrymen
Domitian hastened with all his might to Illyricum, bringing with him the
troops of almost the entire empire. He sent Fuscus before him as his general
with picked soldiers. Then joining boats together like a bridge, he made
his soldiers cross the river Danube above the army of Dorpaneus. (78)
But the Goths were on the alert. They took up arms and presently overwhelmed
the Romans in the first encounter. They slew Fuscus, the commander, and
plundered the soldiers' camp of its treasure. And because of the great
victory they had won in this region, they thereafter called their leaders,
by whose good fortune they seemed to have conquered, not mere men, but
demigods, that is Ansis. Their genealogy I shall run through briefly,
telling the lineage of each and the beginning and the end of this line.
And do thou, O reader, hear me without repining; for I speak truly.
(79) Now the first of these heroes,
as they themselves relate in their legends, was Gapt, who begat Hulmul.
And Hulmul begat Augis; and Augis begat him who was called Amal, from
whom the name of the Amali comes. This Amal begat Hisarnis. Hisarnis moreover
begat Ostrogotha, and Ostrogotha begat Hunuil, and Hunuil likewise begat
Athal. Athal begat Achiulf and Oduulf. Now Achiulf begat Ansila and Ediulf,
Vultuulf and Hermanaric. And Vultuulf begat Valaravans and Valaravans
begat Vinitharius. Vinitharius moreover begat Vandalarius; (80) Vandalarius
begat Thiudimer and Valamir and Vidimer; and Thiudimer begat Theodoric.
Theodoric begat Amalasuentha; Amalasuentha bore Athalaric and Mathesuentha
to her husband Eutharic, whose race was thus joined to hers in kinship.
(81) For the aforesaid Hermanaric, the son of Achiulf, begat Hunimund,
and Hunimund begat Thorismud. Now Thorismud begat Beremud, Beremud begat
Veteric, and Veteric likewise begat Eutharic, who married Amalasuentha
and begat Athalaric and Mathesuentha. Athalaric died in the years of his
childhood, and Mathesuentha married Vitiges, to whom she bore no child.
Both of them were taken together by Belisarius to Constantinople.
When Vitiges passed from human affairs, Germanus the patrician, a cousin
of the Emperor Justinian, took Mathesuentha in marriage and made her a
Patrician Ordinary. And of her he begat a son, also called Germanus. But
upon the death of Germanus, she determined to remain a widow. Now how
and in what wise the kingdom of the Amali was overthrown we shall keep
to tell in its proper place, if the Lord help us.
(82) But let us now return to the point whence we made our digression and tell how the stock of this people of whom I speak reached the end of its course. Now Ablabius the historian relates that in Scythia, where we have said that they were dwelling above an arm of the Pontic Sea, part of them who held the eastern region and whose king was Ostrogotha, were called Ostrogoths, that is, eastern Goths, either from his name or from the place. But the rest were called Visigoths, that is, the Goths of the western country.